What are head lice? Lice are small, parasitic insects that live on blood of the human host. An adult louse is about the size of a sesame seed. Head lice can live for 30 days on the human host. A female louse only needs to mate once, then is pregnant for life. An adult female louse can lay up to 5 eggs at a time twice a day. Head lice blend in with their environment depending on color hair.
How do lice spread? Lice do not live long off of a human host so they are generally transmitted from person to person contact, specifically head to head contact. Although rare, head lice may be transmitted through the use of some personal items, like combs and hats.
What are nits? Nits are the tiny eggs laid by head lice. Viable nits are shiny and have a whitish tan or coffee color. Nits are attached to the hair shaft close to the scalp. A nit takes 7-10 days to hatch. Once removed from the hair, nits cannot hatch.
Do head lice jump or fly? These insects do not have wings, therefore cannot fly. They do not jump but crawl very fast.
Can head lice live in furniture or bedding etc.? Head lice can only live off the human head up to 24 hours. Lice feed every 3-4 hours. If a louse misses more than two feedings they start to dehydrate and cannot start feeding again.
Do lice transmit diseases? Lice do not transmit disease. However, excessive scratching due to the itching that lice can cause can break skin and leave those afflicted vulnerable to secondary infections.
Can pets transmit head lice? Pets cannot be carriers or receivers. Lice require human blood to survive.
What are the signs of head lice? Initially, infestations can be asymptomatic. The first signs may be a tickling feeling because of the live moving in the hair. 50% of individuals, will itch due to an allergic reaction from the louse saliva build up. Because lice are most active at night, they may lead to disruptions in normal sleeping patterns. The bites may cause small red bumps on the scalp and the nape of neck. Appearance of nits, small specks attached to hair shaft. They also cause irritability, a general lousy feeling.
Who gets head lice? No one is immune from head lice. Personal hygiene and cleanliness is not a factor in contracting head lice. As long as you have human blood in your body, you can get head lice.
How prevalent are head lice? According to the World Health Organization, 6-12 million children are infested with head lice in the US each year. Lice is one of the #1 reasons children are absent from school.
How do you treat head lice infestations? There are a variety of over the counter, prescription and homeopathic remedies available to treat head lice. None of these are proven to kill the eggs. Using pesticides may be dangerous and harmful to your family. At Lice Tech we use the only proven method for lice and nit removal. We only use safe non-toxic means in our treatment.
Can you prevent head lice? It is impossible to completely prevent lice infestations. Discouraging children from sharing personal items and from coming into head to head contact can reduce the likely hood of head lice transmission.